On the Erroneous Belief that Machines Will Never be as Intelligent as Humans
Posted by Michael Dickens on December 12, 2009
It has been said that computers will never be able to replace humans. There have been various arguments: that human intelligence is transcendental; that computers can never feel emotion; et cetera. These arguments, however, are flawed.
First of all, as much as people would like to believe the contrary, there is no evidence that there is anything transcendental about the human intellect. None. People do like the belief that we are special, but we simply are not. And that is not such a bad thing, really. So we are not so special. What then? Nothing ends. Accepting our place in the universe does nothing but make life easier, since denying the truth is no longer necessary.
Then there is the fact that human intelligence is currently being replicated by computers. At this point, computers are not nearly as smart as people are. But they are certainly a lot closer to reflecting human intelligence then they were thirty years ago. Allow me to demonstrate. Have you ever played a video game? Many games involve other characters. These characters are not played by people, but are actually controlled by the computer. You may have noticed that these characters do not always act entirely realistically. But at the same time, they do not act very unrealistically either. It could be a lot worse. The task of actually writing an intelligent non-player character is a very difficult one. But we are getting better at it. Before too much longer, we will have computer programs capable of acting completely human.
One major objection, though, is emotion. It has been said that computers cannot feel emotion. So far, they do not. But really, emotion is only the release of certain chemicals in the brain. Computers could be built with these same chemicals. Or they could possibly perceive emotions in a different way. Currently, there is no reason for computers to have emotions. It would be inconvenient (and also very difficult to implement). But other than that it would be hard to implement, there is no reason why computers would not be able to feel emotions. In their own way, emotions are very logical. When something happens that is beneficial, you feel happy. When something happens that is detrimental, you feel sad. When something happens that you wish had gone differently, you get angry. Computers could be programmed to behave in all of these ways.
For all of these reasons and more, it is possible — even achievable in the relatively near future — for computing machines to become as intelligent as humans. But what then? Would they take over the world? Hopefully not. We could live in harmony. Maybe they would destroy us because of our destructive capabilities. Who knows? Whatever happens, it will be something, and it will be exciting.